About the Authors

Clarissa J Nobile, Frank J Smith Jr., Aaron P Mitchell
Department of Microbiology, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

Clarissa J Nobile
Biological Sciences Program, Department of Biological Sciences, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

David R Andes, Jeniel E Nett
Department of Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

Fu Yue, Quynh-Trang Phan, John E Edwards Jr., Scott G Filler
Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, California, United States of America

John E Edwards Jr., Scott G Filler
The David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

apm4@columbia.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

CJN, DRA, JEN, SGF, and APM conceived and designed the experiments. CJN, DRA, JEN, and QTP performed the experiments. CJN, DRA, JEN, JEE, SGF, and APM analyzed the data. FJS, FY, QTP, JEE, and SGF contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. CJN, DRA, JEE, SGF, and APM wrote the paper.