About the Authors

Ronan Le Goffic

Affiliations Institut Pasteur, Unité de Défense Innée et Inflammation, Paris, France , INSERM, E336, Paris, France

Viviane Balloy

Affiliations Institut Pasteur, Unité de Défense Innée et Inflammation, Paris, France , INSERM, E336, Paris, France

Micheline Lagranderie

Affiliation Institut Pasteur, Département de Médecine Moléculaire, Paris, France

Lena Alexopoulou

Affiliations Université de la Méditerranée, Faculté des Sciences de Luminy, Centre d'Immunologie de Marseille-Luminy (CIML), Marseille, France , INSERM U631, Marseille, France , CNRS, UMR6102, Marseille, France

Nicolas Escriou

Affiliation Institut Pasteur, Unité de Génétique Moléculaire des Virus Respiratoires, CNRS URA 1966, Paris, France

Richard Flavell

Affiliations Section of Immunobiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America , Howard Hughes Medical Institute, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Michel Chignard

Affiliations Institut Pasteur, Unité de Défense Innée et Inflammation, Paris, France , INSERM, E336, Paris, France

Mustapha Si-Tahar

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: sitahar@pasteur.fr

Affiliations Institut Pasteur, Unité de Défense Innée et Inflammation, Paris, France , INSERM, E336, Paris, France

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

RLG and MST conceived and designed the experiments. RLG, VB, ML, NE, and MST performed the experiments. RLG, VB, ML, MC, and MST analyzed the data. LA and RF contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. MST wrote the paper.