About the Authors

Christian Grant

Affiliation Viral Immunology Section, Neuroimmunology Branch, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Unsong Oh

Affiliation Viral Immunology Section, Neuroimmunology Branch, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Kazunori Fugo

Affiliation Viral Immunology Section, Neuroimmunology Branch, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Norihiro Takenouchi

Affiliation Viral Immunology Section, Neuroimmunology Branch, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Caitlin Griffith

Affiliation Viral Immunology Section, Neuroimmunology Branch, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Karen Yao

Affiliation Viral Immunology Section, Neuroimmunology Branch, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Timothy E Newhook

Affiliation Viral Immunology Section, Neuroimmunology Branch, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Lee Ratner

Affiliation Departments of Medicine, Pathology, and Molecular Microbiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Steven Jacobson

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: jacobsons@ninds.nih.gov

Affiliation Viral Immunology Section, Neuroimmunology Branch, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

C. Grant, U. Oh, and S. Jacobson conceived and designed the experiments. C. Grant, U. Oh, K. Fugo, N. Takenouchi, C. Griffith, and T. E. Newhook performed the experiments. C. Grant, U. Oh, K. Fugo, N. Takenouchi, C. Griffith, K. Yao, and S. Jacobson analyzed the data. L. Ratner and S. Jacobson contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. C. Grant and S. Jacobson wrote the paper.