About the Authors

Xuezhong Cai

Affiliation Center for Virology and Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

Alexandra Schäfer

Affiliation Center for Virology and Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

Shihua Lu

Address ¤ Current address: Department of Cancer Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Affiliation Center for Virology and Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

John P Bilello

Affiliation New England Primate Research Center, Harvard Medical School, Southborough, Massachusetts, United States of America

Ronald C Desrosiers

Affiliation New England Primate Research Center, Harvard Medical School, Southborough, Massachusetts, United States of America

Rachel Edwards

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology and Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Nancy Raab-Traub

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology and Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Bryan R Cullen

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: culle002@mc.duke.edu

Affiliation Center for Virology and Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

XC, RCD, NRT, and BRC conceived and designed the experiments. XC, AS, SL, JPB, and RE performed the experiments. XC, NRT, and BRC wrote the paper.