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Correction: What Do Pneumocystis Organisms Tell Us about the Phylogeography of Their Hosts? The Case of the Woodmouse Apodemus sylvaticus in Continental Europe and Western Mediterranean Islands

  • Christine Demanche,
  • Manjula Deville,
  • Johan Michaux,
  • Véronique Barriel,
  • Claire Pinçon,
  • Cécile Marie Aliouat-Denis,
  • Muriel Pottier,
  • Christophe Noël,
  • Eric Viscogliosi,
  • El Moukhtar Aliouat,
  • Eduardo Dei-Cas,
  • Serge Morand,
  • Jacques Guillot

Correction: What Do Pneumocystis Organisms Tell Us about the Phylogeography of Their Hosts? The Case of the Woodmouse Apodemus sylvaticus in Continental Europe and Western Mediterranean Islands

  • Christine Demanche, 
  • Manjula Deville, 
  • Johan Michaux, 
  • Véronique Barriel, 
  • Claire Pinçon, 
  • Cécile Marie Aliouat-Denis, 
  • Muriel Pottier, 
  • Christophe Noël, 
  • Eric Viscogliosi, 
  • El Moukhtar Aliouat
PLOS
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Upon re-examination of the samples included in this study, the authors have established that Cal6 is Apodemus flavicollis and not Apodemus sylvaticus as originally reported [1].

The identification of the Apodemus mice samples was completed following the protocol described in Michaux et al. [2] based on the sequencing of a mitochondrial cytochrome b fragment. All samples included in this study have been checked using this method.

The sequence obtained from sample Cal6 is in accordance with Apodemus flavicollis. This single result does not affect the general conclusions of the article. A recent study showed that Apodemus flavicollis and Apodemus sylvaticus may harbor the same Pneumocystis type [3]. These Apodemus species are closely related ecologically and phylogenetically. They can be trapped together and also show a high level of sympatry. They are members of the same subgenus Sylvaemus [4]. Furthermore, this result could be also explained by the fact that the densities of A. flavicollis can be more important in these regions with regard to A. sylvaticus. This would favor the spill-over of Pneumocystis between the two Apodemus species in these areas. Such a spill-over, which can lead to host switch, was already observed in the study of Danesi et al. [3], which also supported a host-specificity of Pneumocystis at least at the genus level.

We are including with this Correction a table listing the Apodemus individuals with details on their identification (Table 1). The amplified sequence for Cal6 has been deposited in the European Nucleotide Archive under accession number: LT622178, http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena/data/view/LT622178.

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Table 1. List of Apodemus individuals with ID references, locality, sex, month and year of trapping, season of trapping, weigh (in g) and age.

Species determination were based on morphology and genetic markers [5], [6], [7].

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0171282.t001

References

  1. 1. Demanche C, Deville M, Michaux J, Barriel V, Pinçon C, Aliouat-Denis CM, et al. (2015) What Do Pneumocystis Organisms Tell Us about the Phylogeography of Their Hosts? The Case of the Woodmouse Apodemus sylvaticus in Continental Europe and Western Mediterranean Islands. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0120839. pmid:25830289
  2. 2. Michaux JR, Magnanou E, Paradis E, Nieberding C, Libois R. Mitochondrial phylogeography of the Woodmouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) in the Western Paleartic region. Molecular Ecology. 2003; 12: 685–90. pmid:12675824
  3. 3. Danesi P., da Rold G., Rizzoli A., Hauffe H. C., Marangon S., Samerpitak K., Demanche C., Guillot J., Capelli G., de Hoog SG. 2016. Barcoding markers for Pneumocystis species in wildlife. Fungal Biology. 120(2):191–206. pmid:26781376
  4. 4. Michaux J, Goüy de Bellocq J, Sara M, Morand S. Body size increase in insular rodent populations: a role for predators? Global Ecology and Biogeography. 2002; 11: 427–436.
  5. 5. Michaux JR, Libois R, Filippucci M-G (2005) So close and so different: comparative phylogeography of two small mammal species, the Yellow-necked fieldmouse (Apodemus flavicollis) and the Woodmouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) in the Western Palearctic region. Heredity 94, 52–63. pmid:15329664
  6. 6. Goüy de Bellocq J (2003) Insularité et parasitisme: impacts sur l'investissement dans la réponse immune et la diversité génétique du CMH chez le mulot sylvestre, Apodemus sylvaticus, dans le bassin méditerranéen. Université de Perpignan, France, Ph.D. thesis.
  7. 7. Bordes F, Ponlet N, Goüy de Bellocq J, Ribas R, Krasnov BR, Morand S (2012) Is there sex-biased resistance and tolerance in Mediterranean wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) populations facing multiple helminth infections? Oecologia 170:123–135. pmid:22430373