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Convergent evolution of a mobile bony tongue in flighted dinosaurs and pterosaurs

Fig 7

Hyoid remains in paravians.

(A) Microraptor zhaoianus, (B)Confuciusornis sp., (C)Enantiornithine sp., (D)Hongshanornis longicresta. The blue arrow indicates the ossified basihyal in Confuciusornis and Hongshanornis; it was also observed in one specimen of Microraptor. The green arrow indicates the phylogenetically earliest epibranchial [15]. See S1 Table for specimen numbers and supplemental references for published specimens.

Fig 7

doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0198078.g007