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Flying foxes create extensive seed shadows and enhance germination success of pioneer plant species in deforested Madagascan landscapes

Fig 4

Travel distances of Madagascan flying foxes.

Distances travelled by 11 Pteropus rufus bats from fig trees for up to 3 h after feeding (the time in which most droppings containing more than 25 seeds were produced in our GRT study–see Fig 3). The position of the bat was considered every 12 min as a straight line along its flight path in relation to the feeding tree it used. The bars represent average recorded distance from the feeding sites (n = 71) with the standard deviation. The circles indicate the maximum distance recorded.

Fig 4