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Conformational risk factors of brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS) in pugs, French bulldogs, and bulldogs

Fig 2

Demonstration of the soft tape measurements.

Nine measurements were made with a firmly held soft tape measure with the dog standing and at rest: Skull length (SL), cranial length (CL), snout length (SnL), neck length (NL), body length (BL), eye width (EW), and skull width (SW). The detailed definitions of the measurements are shown in Table 1. The photos of the dogs were taken from two of the study dogs by the authors.

Fig 2