Simultaneous silencing of isoamylases ISA1, ISA2 and ISA3 by multi-target RNAi in potato tubers leads to decreased starch content and an early sprouting phenotype
Tubers of 5 plants each from wild type (WT) and transgenic lines 7, 16 and 39 were stored after harvest at room temperature in darkness. A) Sprouting kinetics. To monitor the impact on dormancy length, 2–5 similar sized tubers from each plant were picked (n = 13–20) and their sprouting behaviour was regularly scored over a 15-week period until 100% sprouting had been reached in wild-type tubers. A tuber was considered to sprout when sprouts of 2 mm length became visible. B) Photographs of transgenic (lines 7, 16, 39) and control tubers taken after 13 weeks of storage showing that the transgenic lines sprout earlier than the wild-type controls (WT). C) Number of sprouts per tuber. Number of sprouts formed per tuber were counted from 13–20 individual tubers. Values represent the mean +/- SE. Significant differences to wild type were calculated using two-tailed t-test assuming equal variances and are indicated by asterisks (**p<0.01, *p<0.05).