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Unconscious improvement in foreign language learning using mismatch negativity neurofeedback: A preliminary study

Fig 4

Results of the behavioral auditory ability tests and changes in neural activity; (a) Average probability of correct responses (neurofeedback group: solid circles; control group: empty circles) and logit models (neurofeedback group: green line; control group: red line) in discrimination and (b) Average probability of correct responses (neurofeedback group: solid circles; control group: empty circles) and logit models (neurofeedback group: green line; control group: red line) in recognition for the words “light” and “right”; (d) Average probability of correct responses in recognition for 22 words with the consonants “l” or “r” on pre-test (gray bars) and post-test (black bars) assessments of the neurofeedback group(n = 8); The error bars indicate the SEM; * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01.

Fig 4

doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0178694.g004