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Continental Island Formation and the Archaeology of Defaunation on Zanzibar, Eastern Africa

Fig 7

Bone surface modifications in Kuumbi Cave Trench 10.

Examples of bone surface modifications in the Trench 10 assemblage: a, biochemical pitting from soil or root bacteria; b, shallow, parallel oblique lines indicating sedimentary abrasion; c, micro-notches along the breakage plane, likely produced by a carnivore; d, overlapping cut marks and abrasion on limb bone of duiker; e-f, cut marks on limb bones of reedbuck and bushbuck, respectively.

Fig 7