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Functional Significance of Labellum Pattern Variation in a Sexually Deceptive Orchid (Ophrys heldreichii): Evidence of Individual Signature Learning Effects

Fig 5

Honeybee performance during pattern discrimination experiments on a rotating screen.

(A) Percent correct choices (target landings plus distractor aborts divided by total number of choices) during the pattern discrimination experiment. (B) Distribution of d’scores. Perfect discrimination would result in d’scores of 3.29, whereas values of zero indicate chance level performance. Filled circles show discrimination of pattern from different plants, open circles show discrimination of patterns from the same inflorescence. The square (after 160 decisions) symbolizes the performance in the unrewarded test, the triangle (after 180 decisions) the performance in the transfer test. Stars indicate statistical difference from chance (***p<0.001; n.s., not significant). Statistical tests were performed on d’ scores only (see Results).

Fig 5