Childhood Adversity Is Associated with Adult Theory of Mind and Social Affiliation, but Not Face Processing
Results are given in terms of standardized regression coefficients, after controlling for influence of age, sex, and race/ethnicity on each dependent measure. Solid lines give 95% confidence intervals for each effect size estimate. Three asterisks indicate associations that were significant at p < 0.0021 (Bonferroni corrected for all comparisons), two asterisks indicate associations significant at p < 0.0125 (Bonferroni corrected for number of orthogonal comparisons in each model), and one asterisk indicates nominal significance at p < 0.05. Theory of mind ability, social motivation, and social support were all robustly associated with parental maltreatment—with reductions in scores across all three measures. Parental maladjustment was most associated with reduced theory of mind ability, parental neglect with reduced social support in adulthood, and sexual abuse / institutional care with reduced social motivation in adulthood. None of the face discrimination or face recognition memory showed more than nominal associations with childhood adversity.