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Lamp-Lit Bridges as Dual Light-Traps for the Night-Swarming Mayfly, Ephoron virgo: Interaction of Polarized and Unpolarized Light Pollution

Fig 3

(A, B) Color photograph, patterns of the degree d and angle α (clockwise from the vertical) of linear polarization, and areas detected polarotactically as water (for which d > 15% and 80° < α < 100°) of the dry asphalt road on the bridge (above the river Danube at Tahitótfalu) illuminated by bridge-lamps at night during the mass congregation of Ephoron virgo mayflies.

The patterns were measured by imaging polarimetry in the blue (450 nm) part of the spectrum from two different directions of view, when the optical axis of the polarimeter pointed toward North (A) and West (B). The angle of elevation of the optical axis of the polarimeter was 20° from the horizontal. In the α-pattern the local direction of polarization of asphalt-reflected light is shown by a double-headed arrow. The white spot composed of millions of Ephoron virgo carcasses on the asphalt road below the bridge-lamp is well visible on the photographs as well as in the patterns of the degree of polarization d and the area detected as water.

Fig 3

doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0121194.g003