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Resilience of Natural Gas Networks during Conflicts, Crises and Disruptions

Figure 4

Heat-map [32], illustrating the variation of throughput across various scenarios and the effect of a scenario on the network.

The dendrograms are computed using a hierarchical clustering algorithm with the Euclidean norm and average linkage clustering. (A) Heat-map of throughput at country level across various scenarios, allowing for a comparative analysis of the present versus future baseline scenarios, as well as of crises versus baseline scenarios; (B) Coefficient of variation of throughput per capita of a country; (C) Heat-map of throughput at urban level; (D) Coefficient of variation of throughput at urban scale. The gray areas denote groups of countries and urban areas that share common patterns of throughput across scenarios.

Figure 4