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Photoresist-Free Patterning by Mechanical Abrasion of Water-Soluble Lift-Off Resists and Bare Substrates: Toward Green Fabrication of Transparent Electrodes

Figure 4

3D AFM image of glass after scoring using a steel razor.

The abraded region has been roughened by the steel razor blade, while the unabraded region is relatively flat. The abraded region has been highlighted by the dashed blue line.

Figure 4