The Dynamics of Nestedness Predicts the Evolution of Industrial Ecosystems
a Country-product network for the year 2000. b Municipality-industry network for the year 2005. c Bascompte et al. null model for the matrix shown in a. d Bascompte et al. null model for the matrix presented in b. In a–d red lines indicate the diversity of a location and the ubiquity of an industry (see full text for details). e Evolution of the density, or fill, of the country-product network between 1985 and 2009. f Evolution of the NODF of the country-product network between 1985 and 2009 (green), its corresponding Bascompte et al. null model (blue, upper and lower lines indicate 95% conf. intervals), and that of a matrix that started identical to that for 1985, but that was evolved by considering an equal number of appearances and disappearances than in the original data (red, upper and lower lines indicate 95% conf. interval). g Same as f but for the municipality-industry network (see SM for results with Atmar and Patterson's temperature metric).