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Symbionts as Major Modulators of Insect Health: Lactic Acid Bacteria and Honeybees

Figure 4

LAB rescue of honeybee larvae from European Foulbrood.

Proportion dead larvae in both replicates (total number dead after 21 days). Data presented as a mean for the three groups fed M. plutonius (107, 106 and105 bacteria ml−1), and the 3 groups fed M. plutonius and LAB. Irrespective of infectious dose, the overall effect from the LAB supplement was a significantly reduced mortality in the treated groups. Mortality in the uninfected control groups was <7%.

Figure 4