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Physical Properties of Biological Entities: An Introduction to the Ontology of Physics for Biology

Figure 3

Simple example of a dynamical model.

(A) Two-element “Windkessel” model for fluid flowing from an elastic vessel such as a balloon, lung, or blood vessel. (B) Positive pressure in the vessel due to tension in the vessel wall drives fluid from the vessel which decreases both the volume and pressure as a function of time. (C) An iterative algorithm (blue arrows) can simulate the time course of changing volume, pressure, and flow rate in terms of a temporal integral dependency, an elastive dependency (the reciprocal of a capacitive dependency), and a conductive dependency (the reciprocal of a resistive dependency).

Figure 3

doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028708.g003