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Physical Properties of Biological Entities: An Introduction to the Ontology of Physics for Biology

Figure 2

Foundational physical theory of OPB.

Framework in which physical properties (ovals) are linked by quantitative dependency relations (rectangles) between the quantitative magnitudes of properties. For example, Ohm's law is a resistive dependency between electrical current (I, a flow rate), voltage differential (V, a force), and electrical resistance (R, a resistive constitutive property). This schema applies, wholly or in part, to properties in various physical domains (e.g., fluids, electricity, chemistry) and are the basis for analogies between property types. (Q = rate of heat dissipation, PE = potential energy, KE = kinetic energy, R = resistance, C = capacitance, L = inductance.).

Figure 2

doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028708.g002