Physical Properties of Biological Entities: An Introduction to the Ontology of Physics for Biology
Framework in which physical properties (ovals) are linked by quantitative dependency relations (rectangles) between the quantitative magnitudes of properties. For example, Ohm's law is a resistive dependency between electrical current (I, a flow rate), voltage differential (V, a force), and electrical resistance (R, a resistive constitutive property). This schema applies, wholly or in part, to properties in various physical domains (e.g., fluids, electricity, chemistry) and are the basis for analogies between property types. (Q = rate of heat dissipation, PE = potential energy, KE = kinetic energy, R = resistance, C = capacitance, L = inductance.).