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Towards a Synthetic Chloroplast

Figure 1

Three paths to endosymbiosis used in this study.

A.) Direct microinjection of S. elongatus into zebrafish embryos allow exploration of in vivo dynamics of bacteria inside animal cells. B.) Invasion of mammalian cells through heterologous expression of invasin and listeriolysin O. C.) Phagocytosis of bacteria by macrophages. Bacteria subsequently escape from the endosomal compartment through expression of listeriolysin O.

Figure 1

doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018877.g001