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How Wealth Accumulation Can Promote Cooperation

Figure 3

Evolution of the number of cooperators over time.

The plot shows the evolution of the number of cooperators over a typical run (see also Figure 1), with (blue line) and without (red line) wealth accumulation. Initially, cooperators perform poorly. However, those cooperators who do survive the initial rounds have accumulated substantial amounts of wealth and are hence able to survive and spread. Over time, the proportion of cooperators converges to 1 (but typically does not reach it). The dashed lines represent two standard deviations.

Figure 3

doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0013471.g003