TY - JOUR
T1 - Computational Structural Analysis: Multiple Proteins Bound to DNA
A1 - Tomovic, Andrija
A1 - Oakeley, Edward J.
Y1 - 2008/09/19
With increasing numbers of crystal structures of protein∶DNA and protein∶protein∶DNA complexes publically available, it is now possible to extract sufficient structural, physical-chemical and thermodynamic parameters to make general observations and predictions about their interactions. In particular, the properties of macromolecular assemblies of multiple proteins bound to DNA have not previously been investigated in detail.
We have performed computational structural analyses on macromolecular assemblies of multiple proteins bound to DNA using a variety of different computational tools: PISA; PROMOTIF; X3DNA; ReadOut; DDNA and DCOMPLEX. Additionally, we have developed and employed an algorithm for approximate collision detection and overlapping volume estimation of two macromolecules. An implementation of this algorithm is available at http://promoterplot.fmi.ch/Collision1/. The results obtained are compared with structural, physical-chemical and thermodynamic parameters from protein∶protein and single protein∶DNA complexes. Many of interface properties of multiple protein∶DNA complexes were found to be very similar to those observed in binary protein∶DNA and protein∶protein complexes. However, the conformational change of the DNA upon protein binding is significantly higher when multiple proteins bind to it than is observed when single proteins bind. The water mediated contacts are less important (found in less quantity) between the interfaces of components in ternary (protein∶protein∶DNA) complexes than in those of binary complexes (protein∶protein and protein∶DNA).The thermodynamic stability of ternary complexes is also higher than in the binary interactions. Greater specificity and affinity of multiple proteins binding to DNA in comparison with binary protein-DNA interactions were observed. However, protein-protein binding affinities are stronger in complexes without the presence of DNA.
Our results indicate that the interface properties: interface area; number of interface residues/atoms and hydrogen bonds; and the distribution of interface residues, hydrogen bonds, van der Walls contacts and secondary structure motifs are independent of whether or not a protein is in a binary or ternary complex with DNA. However, changes in the shape of the DNA reduce the off-rate of the proteins which greatly enhances the stability and specificity of ternary complexes compared to binary ones.
JF - PLoS ONE
JA - PLoS ONE
VL - 3
IS - 9
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0003243
SP - e3243
PB - Public Library of Science
M3 - doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003243