About the Authors

Lisa M. Bebell

Contributed equally to this work with: Lisa M. Bebell, Joseph Ngonzi

lbebell@mgh.harvard.edu

Affiliations Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, United States of America, Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Global Health, Boston, MA, United States of America

ORCID http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0077-6522

Joseph Ngonzi

Contributed equally to this work with: Lisa M. Bebell, Joseph Ngonzi

Affiliations Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda, Global Health Institute, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium

Joel Bazira

Affiliation Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda

Yarine Fajardo

Affiliation Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda

Adeline A. Boatin

Affiliations Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Global Health, Boston, MA, United States of America, Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, United States of America

Mark J. Siedner

Affiliations Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, United States of America, Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Global Health, Boston, MA, United States of America, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda

Ingrid V. Bassett

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, United States of America

Dan Nyehangane

Affiliation Epicentre Mbarara Research Centre, Mbarara, Uganda

Deborah Nanjebe

Affiliation Epicentre Mbarara Research Centre, Mbarara, Uganda

Yves Jacquemyn

Affiliation Global Health Institute, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium

Jean-Pierre van Geertruyden

Affiliation Global Health Institute, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium

Juliet Mwanga-Amumpaire

Affiliations Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda, Epicentre Mbarara Research Centre, Mbarara, Uganda

David R. Bangsberg

Current address: Oregon Health & Science University-Portland State University School of Public Health, Portland, OR, United States of America

Affiliations Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, United States of America, Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Global Health, Boston, MA, United States of America

Laura E. Riley

Affiliation Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, United States of America

Yap Boum II

Affiliations Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda, Epicentre Mbarara Research Centre, Mbarara, Uganda

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: LMB JN AB YF DRB LER. Data curation: LB JN D. Nyehangane D. Nanjebe YB. Formal analysis: LB JN AB DRB MJS. Funding acquisition: LB DRB. Investigation: LB JN D. Nyehangane D. Nanjebe YB. Methodology: LB JN D. Nyehangane D. Nanjebe YB DRB. Project administration: LB JN D. Nyehangane YB DRB JB. Supervision: D. Nyehangane YB DRB JB LER JPVG YJ. Writing – original draft: LB JN. Writing – review & editing: LB JN JB YF AB MJS IVB D. Nyehangane D. Nanjebe YJ JPVG JMA DRB LER YB.