About the Authors

Josie Hughes

Contributed equally to this work with: Josie Hughes, Xi Huo

Affiliation Centre for Disease Modelling, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

ORCID http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7875-9015

Xi Huo

Contributed equally to this work with: Josie Hughes, Xi Huo

Affiliations Centre for Disease Modelling, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Department of Mathematics, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Lindsey Falk

Current address: Health Quality Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Affiliation Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

ORCID http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9671-4045

Amy Hurford

Affiliation Department of Biology and Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, Newfoundland, Canada

Kunquan Lan

Affiliation Department of Mathematics, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Bryan Coburn

Affiliations Department of Laboratory Medicine & Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Department of Medicine, Sinai Health System & University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Andrew Morris

Andrew.Morris@sinaihealthsystem.ca (AM); wujh@yorku.ca (JW)

Affiliations Department of Medicine, Sinai Health System & University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Jianhong Wu

Andrew.Morris@sinaihealthsystem.ca (AM); wujh@yorku.ca (JW)

Affiliation Centre for Disease Modelling, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: JH XH JW AM AH BC KL. Data curation: JH XH. Formal analysis: JH XH. Funding acquisition: JW AM AH. Investigation: JH XH LF. Methodology: JH XH LF. Project administration: JW AM. Software: JH XH. Supervision: JW AM. Validation: JH XH. Visualization: JH XH. Writing – original draft: JH XH LF. Writing – review & editing: JH XH JW AM AH BC KL LF.