About the Authors

Shiying Hao

Affiliation Departments of Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Yue Wang

Affiliation Departments of Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Bo Jin

Affiliation HBI Solutions Inc., Palo Alto, California, United States of America

Andrew Young Shin

Affiliation Departments of Pediatrics, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Chunqing Zhu

Affiliation HBI Solutions Inc., Palo Alto, California, United States of America

Min Huang

Affiliation Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China

Le Zheng

Affiliation Departments of Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Jin Luo

Affiliation Departments of Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Zhongkai Hu

Affiliation HBI Solutions Inc., Palo Alto, California, United States of America

Changlin Fu

Affiliation HBI Solutions Inc., Palo Alto, California, United States of America

Dorothy Dai

Affiliation HBI Solutions Inc., Palo Alto, California, United States of America

Yicheng Wang

Affiliation Departments of Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Devore S. Culver

Affiliation HealthInfoNet, Portland, Maine, United States of America

Shaun T. Alfreds

Affiliation HealthInfoNet, Portland, Maine, United States of America

Todd Rogow

Affiliation HealthInfoNet, Portland, Maine, United States of America

Frank Stearns

Affiliation HBI Solutions Inc., Palo Alto, California, United States of America

Karl G. Sylvester

Affiliation Departments of Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Eric Widen

Affiliation HBI Solutions Inc., Palo Alto, California, United States of America

Xuefeng B. Ling

bxling@stanford.edu

Affiliation Departments of Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have the following interests: KGS, EW and XBL are co-founders and equity holders of HBI Solutions, Inc., which is currently developing predictive analytics solutions for healthcare organizations. BJ, CZ, ZH, CF, DD, FS and EW are employed by HBI Solutions, Inc. From the Departments of Pediatrics, Surgery, and Statistics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, AYS, KGS, and XBL conducted this research as part of a personal outside consulting arrangement with HBI Solutions, Inc. The research and research results are not, in any way, associated with Stanford University. There are no patents, further products in development or marketed products to declare. This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials, as detailed online in the guide for authors.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AYS FS KGS EW XBL. Analyzed the data: SH Yue Wang BJ CZ MH LZ JL ZH CF DD Yicheng Wang. Wrote the paper: SH Yue Wang BJ CZ MH LZ JL ZH CF DD Yicheng Wang AYS FS KGS EW XBL DSC STA TR. Coordinated and supervised data acquisition: DSC STA TR.