About the Authors

Nicoletta Faraone

Affiliation Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Dalhousie University, Truro, Nova Scotia, B2N 5E3 Canada

N. Kirk Hillier

Affiliation Department of Biology, Acadia University, Wolfville, Nova Scotia, B4P 2R6 Canada

G. Christopher Cutler

chris.cutler@dal.ca

Affiliation Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Dalhousie University, Truro, Nova Scotia, B2N 5E3 Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GCC NF. Performed the experiments: NF. Analyzed the data: NF GCC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: GCC NKH. Wrote the paper: GCC NF NKH.