About the Authors

Seraphim R. Thornton

Affiliation Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Vincent L. Butty

Affiliation BioMicro Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Stuart S. Levine

Affiliation BioMicro Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Laurie A. Boyer

lboyer@mit.edu

Affiliation Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SRT LAB. Performed the experiments: SRT. Analyzed the data: SRT VLB SSL. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: SRT LAB.