About the Authors

Felix R. Kayigamba


Affiliation INTERACT, Kigali, Rwanda

Mirjam I. Bakker

Affiliation Royal Tropical Institute, KIT Biomedical Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Judith Lammers

Affiliation Academic Medical Center (AMC), Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Veronicah Mugisha

Affiliation ICAP, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, Kigali, Rwanda

Emmanuel Bagiruwigize

Affiliation Ruhengeri hospital, Ministry of Health, Kigali, Rwanda

Anita Asiimwe

Affiliation Ministry of Health, Kigali, Rwanda

Maarten F. Schim. van der Loeff

Affiliations Amsterdam Institute of Global Health and Development (AIGHD), Academic Medical Center (AMC), Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Center for Infection and Immunity Amsterdam (CINIMA), AMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Public Health Service of Amsterdam (GGD), Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: FK MB JL VM AA MSVDL. Performed the experiments: FK MB VM EB MSDVL. Analyzed the data: FK MB MSVDL. Wrote the paper: FK MB MSVDL. Read and approved the final version: FK MB JL VM EB AA MSVDL.