About the Authors

Penny F. Langhammer, Crystal M. Palmer, James P. Collins
School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America

Karen R. Lips, Tate Tunstall
Department of Biology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America

Patricia A. Burrowes
Department of Biology, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico, United States of America

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PFL KRL PAB JPC. Performed the experiments: PFL CMP. Analyzed the data: PFL TT. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KRL PAB. Wrote the manuscript: PFL JPC.