About the Authors

Julie Di Cristofaro, Stéphane Mazières, Jacques Chiaroni
Aix Marseille Université, ADES UMR7268, CNRS, EFS-AM, Marseille, France

Erwan Pennarun, Mait Metspalu, Ene Metspalu, Richard Villems
Estonian Biocentre and Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

Natalie M. Myres
Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America

Alice A. Lin, Roy J. King
Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

Shah Aga Temori
Department of Biochemistry, Kabul Medical University, Kabul, Afghanistan

Michael Witzel
Department of South Asian Studies, Harvard University. Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Peter A. Underhill
Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

Richard Villems
Estonian Academy of Sciences, Tallinn, Estonia

Corresponding Author

jacques.chiaroni@efs.sante.fr

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Analyzed the data: JDC EP SM EM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: NMM PAU RV. Wrote the paper: JDC EP SM MM MW RJK PAU RV JC. Designed the research: PAU RV JC. Performed the analyses: JDC EP NMM AAL. Provided samples: SAT NMM. Drew the figures: JDC EP SM EM.