About the Authors

Eric L. Berlow

Affiliations United States Geological Survey, Western Ecological Research Center, Yosemite Field Station, Oakhurst, California, United States of America, Vibrant Data Labs, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Roland A. Knapp

Affiliation Sierra Nevada Aquatic Research Laboratory, University of California, Mammoth Lakes, California, United States of America

Steven M. Ostoja

Affiliation United States Geological Survey, Western Ecological Research Center, Yosemite Field Station, Oakhurst, California, United States of America

Richard J. Williams

Affiliations Microsoft Research, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Quid Inc., San Francisco, California, United States of America

Heather McKenny

Affiliation National Park Service, Yosemite, California, United States of America

John R. Matchett

Affiliation United States Geological Survey, Western Ecological Research Center, Yosemite Field Station, Oakhurst, California, United States of America

Qinghua Guo

Affiliation University of California, Merced, California, United States of America

Gary M. Fellers

Affiliation United States Geological Survey, Western Ecological Research Center, Pt. Reyes Station, California, United States of America

Patrick Kleeman

Affiliation United States Geological Survey, Western Ecological Research Center, Pt. Reyes Station, California, United States of America

Matthew L. Brooks

Affiliation United States Geological Survey, Western Ecological Research Center, Yosemite Field Station, Oakhurst, California, United States of America

Lucas Joppa

lujoppa@microsoft.com

Affiliation Microsoft Research, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

I have read the journal's policy and have the following conflicts: Rich Williams and Lucas Joppa were employed by Microsoft Research when this work was done. Rich Williams is now employed by Quid Inc. Eric Berlow is now employed by Vibrant Data Labs LLC. No one other than the authors had any role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript and this employment does not affect the authors' ability to comply with PLoS ONE's policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: ELB RAK RJW LJ. Performed the experiments: ELB RAK SMO HM GMF. Analyzed the data: ELB RAK JRM PK LJ. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: RJW QG LJ. Wrote the manuscript: ELB RAK SMO HM MLB LJ. Provided prior survey data: RAK GMF.