About the Authors

Kamila Derecka, Charles Snart, Reinhard Stöger
School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Leicestershire, United Kingdom

Martin J. Blythe, Sunir Malla
Deep Seq, Centre for Genetics and Genomics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom

Diane P. Genereux
Biology Department, Westfield State University, Westfield, Massachusetts, United States of America

Alessandro Guffanti, Paolo Pavan, Anna Moles
Genomnia srl, Lainate, Milan, Italy

Thomas Ryder
Parks Apiaries, Nottingham, United Kingdom

Catharine A. Ortori, David A. Barrett
Centre for Analytical Bioscience, School of Pharmacy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom

Eugene Schuster
Institute of Healthy Ageing, Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment, University College London, London, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

reinhard.stoger@nottingham.ac.uk

Competing Interests

This project was supported by The Co-operative Group, UK. Alessandro Guffanti, Paolo Pavan and Anna Moles are employed by Genomnia srl, (Milan/Italy). Thomas Ryder is owner of Parks Apiaries (Nottingham/UK). There are no patents, products in development or marketed products to declare. This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: RS. Performed the experiments: KD SM CS TR CAO RS. Analyzed the data: KD MJB DPG AG PP AM CAO DAB ES RS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TR DPG. Wrote the paper: DPG ES RS. Performed functional genomics analysis: ES.