About the Authors

Daiki D. Horikawa, John Cumbers, Dana Rogoff, Stefan Leuko, Lynn J. Rothschild
Biospheric Science Branch, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California, United States of America

Daiki D. Horikawa, Lynn J. Rothschild
NASA Astrobiology Institute

John Cumbers, Lynn J. Rothschild
Department of Molecular Biology, Cell Biology and Biochemistry, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America

Iori Sakakibara
INSERM U1016, Institut Cochin, Paris, France

Iori Sakakibara
CNRS UMR 8104, Paris, France

Iori Sakakibara
Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France

Raechel Harnoto
California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, California, United States of America

Kazuharu Arakawa
Institute for Advanced Biosciences, Keio University, Fujisawa, Japan

Toshiaki Katayama
Human Genome Center, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Takekazu Kunieda
Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Atsushi Toyoda
Center for Information Biology, National Institute of Genetics, Mishima, Shizuoka, Japan

Asao Fujiyama
Principles of Informatics Research Division, National Institute of Informatics, Tokyo, Japan

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DDH LJR. Performed the experiments: DDH JC IS RH . Analyzed the data: DDH JC IS KA IS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JC DR SL KA T. Katayama T. Kunieda AT AF. Wrote the paper: DDH LJR.