About the Authors

Joseph V. Ferraro, Katie M. Binetti
Department of Anthropology and Institute of Archaeology, Baylor University, Waco, Texas, United States of America

Thomas W. Plummer
Department of Anthropology, Queens College & NYCEP, Flushing, New York, United States of America

Briana L. Pobiner, Richard Potts
Human Origins Program, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C., United States of America

James S. Oliver
Department of Anthropology, Illinois State Museum, Springfield, Illinois, United States of America

James S. Oliver, Laura C. Bishop
Research Centre in Evolutionary Anthropology and Palaeoecology, School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom

David R. Braun
Department of Anthropology, George Washington University, Washington, D. C., United States of America

Peter W. Ditchfield
Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

John W. Seaman III, John W. Seaman Jr
Department of Statistical Science, Baylor University, Waco, Texas, United States of America

Fritz Hertel
Department of Biology, California State University, Northridge, California, United States of America

Richard Potts
Palaeontology Section, Earth Sciences Department, National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya

Corresponding Author

joseph_ferraro@baylor.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conducted fieldwork and recovered the fauna: JVF TWP LCB DRB PWD KMB RP. Collected faunal data: JVF TWP BLP JSO LCB KMB FH. Edited the manuscript: JVF TWP BLP JSO LCB DRB PWD JWS KMB JWS FH RP. Conceived and designed the experiments: JVF TWP LCB RP. Analyzed the data: JVF JWS KMB JWS. Wrote the paper: JVF.