About the Authors

Jason M. Schmidt, Peter Sebastian, Shawn M. Wilder
Department of Zoology, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, United States of America

Ann L. Rypstra
Department of Zoology, Miami University, Hamilton, Ohio, United States of America

Corresponding Author

rypstral@muohio.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JMS PS ALR SMW. Performed the experiments: JMS PS. Analyzed the data: JMS. Wrote the paper: JMS ALR. Provided fly cultures and conducted nutritional analyses: SMW. Extensive editing and review of text: SMW.