About the Authors

Jason M. Schmidt

Address Current address: Department of Entomology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, United States of America

Affiliation Department of Zoology, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, United States of America

Peter Sebastian

Affiliation Department of Zoology, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, United States of America

Shawn M. Wilder

Address Current address: School of Biological Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia

Affiliation Department of Zoology, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, United States of America

Ann L. Rypstra

rypstral@muohio.edu

Affiliation Department of Zoology, Miami University, Hamilton, Ohio, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JMS PS ALR SMW. Performed the experiments: JMS PS. Analyzed the data: JMS. Wrote the paper: JMS ALR. Provided fly cultures and conducted nutritional analyses: SMW. Extensive editing and review of text: SMW.