About the Authors

Grzegorz Bilo, Miriam Revera, Gianluca Caldara, Alessia Giglio, Andrea Faini, Andrea Giuliano, Carolina Lombardi, Gianfranco Parati
Department of Cardiology, San Luca Hospital, Istituto Auxologico Italiano, Milan, Italy

Maurizio Bussotti
Cardiologia Riabilitativa, Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri, IRCCS, Milan, Italy

Daniele Bonacina, Andrea Giuliano, Giuseppe Mancia, Gianfranco Parati
Department of Clinical Medicine and Prevention, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy

Katarzyna Styczkiewicz, Kalina Kawecka-Jaszcz
I Department of Cardiology and Hypertension, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland

Piergiuseppe Agostoni
Centro Cardiologico Monzino, IRCCS, and Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Milan, Milan, Italy

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have the following interests. Study B was supported with an unrestricted grant from Boehringer-Ingelheim Germany and Banca Intesa San Paolo, Milan, Italy. Sapio Life Italy s.r.l., GE Healthcare, and Intercure Ltd. supplied the devices necessary for this study free of charge. This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials, as detailed online in the guide for authors.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PA GB GP GM. Performed the experiments: MR MB DB KS GC AG AF AG CL KK. Analyzed the data: PA GB MR GC. Wrote the paper: PA GP BG.