About the Authors

Todd A. Ponzio

Contributed equally to this work with: Todd A. Ponzio, Raymond L. Fields, Omar M. Rashid

Address Current address: Office of Technology Transfer, Naval Medical Research Center, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Raymond L. Fields

Contributed equally to this work with: Todd A. Ponzio, Raymond L. Fields, Omar M. Rashid

Omar M. Rashid

Contributed equally to this work with: Todd A. Ponzio, Raymond L. Fields, Omar M. Rashid

Yasmmyn D. Salinas
Daniel Lubelski

Address Current address: Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America

Harold Gainer

gainerh@ninds.nih.gov

Affiliation Laboratory of Neurochemistry, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TP RF HG. Performed the experiments: TP RF OR YS DL. Analyzed the data: TP RF OR HG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TP RF YS. Wrote the paper: HG RF OR TP.