About the Authors

Jay J. Van Bavel
New York University, New York, New York, United States of America

Dominic J. Packer
Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Ingrid Johnsen Haas
Department of Political Science, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States of America

William A. Cunningham
The University of Toronto, The Ohio State University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JV DP IH WC. Performed the experiments: JV DP. Analyzed the data: JV DP. Wrote the paper: JV DP IH WC.