About the Authors

Jay J. Van Bavel


Affiliation New York University, New York, New York, United States of America

Dominic J. Packer

Affiliation Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Ingrid Johnsen Haas

Affiliation Department of Political Science, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States of America

William A. Cunningham

Affiliation The University of Toronto, The Ohio State University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JV DP IH WC. Performed the experiments: JV DP. Analyzed the data: JV DP. Wrote the paper: JV DP IH WC.