About the Authors

Raina N. Fichorova, Yujin Lee, Hidemi S. Yamamoto, Xenia Chepa-Lotrea, Olivia R. Buck, Ryan Murray
Laboratory of Genital Tract Biology, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Yuko Takagi, Russell P. Goodman, Tomasz Kula, Max L. Nibert
Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Gary R. Hayes, Bibhuti N. Singh
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York, United States of America

David H. Beach
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York, United States of America

Corresponding Author

rfichorova@rics.bwh.harvard.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Performed the experiments: RNF YL HSY ORB XCL. Analyzed the data: RNF YL HSY RM ORB. Wrote the paper: RNF. Conceived and designed the experiments, immunology and cell biology: RNF; virology: MLN. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, LPS and primary TV isolates: BNS DHB GH; virion isolation and RT-PCR: YT TK RPG; TVV dsRNA and RNAse treatments: YT; TV culture: DHB GH XCL RM ORB RNF; TV cloning: RNF; Western blot: ORB; qNPA: HSY; luciferase and immunoassays: YL HSY RM ORB. Reviewed and approved the manuscript: RNF YL HSY YT GH RPG XCL ORB RM TK DHB BNS MLN. Recruited clinical subjects: BNS.