About the Authors

Mathias Ackermann, Fabienne Hartmann-Fritsch, Nelli Schetle
Institute of Virology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Maxim Koriabine, Pieter J. de Jong
BACPAC Resources Center, Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California, United States of America

Teresa D. Lewis, Thierry M. Work, Jo-Ann C. Leong
Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Kaneohe, Hawaii, United States of America

Thierry M. Work, Julie Dagenais
US Geological Survey, National Wildlife Health Center Honolulu Field Station, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America

George H. Balazs
National Marine Fisheries Service, Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MA MK FH PdJ JAL. Performed the experiments: MA MK FH NS. Analyzed the data: MA MK FH NS PdJ JAL TL JD TW GB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MA TL TW NS JD PdJ GB. Wrote the paper: MA MK FH PdJ TL TW JD JAL. Generated and provided essentially virus-free cell cultures, which were necessary to establish RT-PCR for F-sial and F-M04 (data not shown in the manuscript): TW JD.