About the Authors

Michelle L. Verant

Contributed equally to this work with: Michelle L. Verant, Justin G. Boyles

Affiliation Department of Pathobiological Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

Justin G. Boyles

Contributed equally to this work with: Michelle L. Verant, Justin G. Boyles

Address Current address: Cooperative Wildlife Research Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois, United States of America

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, United States of America

William Waldrep Jr.

Affiliation Department of Computer Science, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Gudrun Wibbelt

Affiliation Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, Berlin, Germany

David S. Blehert

dblehert@usgs.gov

Affiliation US Geological Survey – National Wildlife Health Center, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MLV JGB DSB. Performed the experiments: MLV DSB. Analyzed the data: JGB WW MLV. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: GW. Wrote the paper: MLV JGB DSB.