About the Authors

Mia-Maria Perälä, Satu Männistö, Niina E. Kaartinen, Eero Kajantie, Johan G. Eriksson
Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland

Eero Kajantie
Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki University Central Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Clive Osmond, David J. P. Barker
MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, United Kingdom

David J. P. Barker
Heart Research Center, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon, United States of America

David J. P. Barker
Fetal Programming Research Chair, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Liisa M. Valsta
Department of Lifestyle and Participation, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland

Liisa M. Valsta
Data Collection and Exposure, European Food Safety Authority, Parma, Italy

Johan G. Eriksson
Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Johan G. Eriksson
Unit of General Practice, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland

Johan G. Eriksson
Folkhälsan Research Center, Helsinki, Finland

Johan G. Eriksson
Vaasa Central Hospital, Vaasa, Finland

Corresponding Author

mia.perala@thl.fi

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: M-MP SM NEK JGE. Analyzed the data: M-MP CO. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: EK LMV DJPB JGE. Wrote the paper: M-MP SM EK JGE.