About the Authors

Yijun Lou, Redouane Qesmi, Qian Wang, Jianhong Wu, Jane M. Heffernan
Mathematics and Statistics, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Yijun Lou
Applied Mathematics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong

Redouane Qesmi
Ecole Superieure de Technologie, Université Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah, Fès, Morocco

Marc Steben
Institut National de Santé Publique du Québec, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Jianhong Wu, Jane M. Heffernan
Centre for Disease Modelling, York Institute for Health Research, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

MS has received research, lecture and travel funds from GlaxoSmithKline. This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: QW RQ JMH JW MS. Performed the experiments: QW RQ YL JMH. Analyzed the data: QW RQ YL JMH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: QW RQ TL JMH JW MS. Wrote the paper: QW RQ YL JMH JW MS.