About the Authors

Mary B. Pierce, Andrew Wong, Marcus Richards, Rebecca Hardy, Diana Kuh
MRC Unit for Lifelong Health & Ageing, London, England

Richard J. Silverwood, Dorothea Nitsch
Department of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England

Judith E. Adams
Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, England

Alison M. Stephen, Wing Nip
MRC Human Nutrition Research, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Cambridge, England

Peter Macfarlane
Electrocardiology Section, Royal Infirmary, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland

Corresponding Author

m.pierce@nshd.mrc.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DK MP JA PM DN MR RH. Performed the experiments: AW DK MR MP NSHD Data Collection Team. Analyzed the data: PM JA WN AS RS. Wrote the paper: MP DK. Revised the manuscript: MP RS DN JA AS WN PM AW MR RH DK.