About the Authors

Rowena F. Stern


Affiliation The Laboratory, Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science, Plymouth, United Kingdom

Robert A. Andersen

Affiliation Provasoli-Guillard National Center for Culture of Marine Phytoplankton, West Boothbay Harbor, Maine, United States of America

Ian Jameson

Affiliation Australian National Algae Culture Collection, The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Marine and Atmospheric Research, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia

Frithjof C. Küpper

Affiliation Culture Collection of Algae and Protozoa, Scottish Association for Marine Science, Oban, United Kingdom

Mary-Alice Coffroth

Affiliation Department of Geology, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, United States of America

Daniel Vaulot

Affiliation Roscoff Culture Collection, Station Biologique Roscoff, Roscoff, France

Florence Le Gall

Affiliation Roscoff Culture Collection, Station Biologique Roscoff, Roscoff, France

Benoît Véron

Affiliation Algobank-Caen, Université de Caen Basse-Normandie, Caen, France

Jerry J. Brand

Affiliation Section of MCD-Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, United States of America

Hayley Skelton

Affiliation Department of Marine Sciences, University of Connecticut, Groton, Connecticut, United States of America

Fumai Kasai

Affiliation Microbial Culture Collection, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan

Emily L. Lilly

Affiliation Biology Department, Virginia Military Institute, Lexington, Virginia, United States of America

Patrick J. Keeling

Affiliation Botany Department, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: RFS PJK. Performed the experiments: RFS IJ HS. Analyzed the data: RFS PJK EL MC HS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: RAA IJ FCK MC DV FL BV JJB HS FK. Wrote the paper: RFS PJK RAA IJ FCK MC DV FL BV. Also gave verbal advice on experimental strategy: JJB. Also enabled access to strains from other culture collections: RAA. Spent considerable time growing cultures and providing comprehensive list of information for strains: FL.