About the Authors

Jason D. Williams


Affiliation Department of Biology, Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York, United States of America

Christopher B. Boyko

Affiliations Department of Biology, Dowling College, Oakdale, New York, United States of America, Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JW CB. Performed the experiments: JW CB. Analyzed the data: JW CB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JW CB. Wrote the paper: JW CB.