About the Authors

Travis Longcore, Catherine Rich, Beau MacDonald
The Urban Wildlands Group, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Travis Longcore
Spatial Sciences Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Pierre Mineau, Daniel G. Bert, Erin Mutrie
National Wildlife Research Centre, Science and Technology Branch, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Canada

Lauren M. Sullivan
Department of Geography, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Sidney A. Gauthreaux Jr
Department of Biological Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, United States of America

Michael L. Avery
National Wildlife Research Center, Florida Field Station, United States Department of Agriculture/Wildlife Services, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

Robert L. Crawford
Thomasville, Georgia, United States of America

Albert M. Manville II
Division of Migratory Bird Management, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Arlington, Virginia, United States of America

Emilie R. Travis, David Drake
Department of Forest and Wildlife Ecology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TL CR PM DGB BM SAG. Performed the experiments: TL PM DGB BM LMS EM. Analyzed the data: TL PM DGB BM LMS EM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TL PM DGB BM LMS EM ERT DD. Wrote the paper: TL CR PM DGB BM SAG MLA RLC AMM ERT.